Pancreatology

Pancreatology

Pancreas is an organ situated behind the stomach inside the abdomen. It is composed of two main components, namely the exocrine pancreas and the endocrine pancreas.

The exocrine pancreas is responsible for secretion of digestive enzymes that are primarily responsible for digestion of fat, protein and carbohydrate consumed in our diet.

 The pancreas could be affected by many diseases, namely, acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer, pancreatic tumors and autoimmune pancreatitis. Out of these acute and chronic pancreatitis are common in India; and the incidence of pancreatic cancer also appears to be rising. Biochemical, radiological and pathological tests are used to diagnose pancreatic diseases and its the complications. CT scan, MRI/MRCP and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) could detect pancreatitis, pancreatic cysts and tumors. In addition Genetic test are also occasionally used diagnose congenital pancreatic disorders.
We at Surabhi hospital works closely with the advanced endoscopy team, surgeons, interventional radiologists & nutritionists to provide a composite care for wellbeing of our patients.

Signs and symptoms of pancreatitis may vary, depending on which type you experience.

Acute pancreatitis signs and symptoms include:

  • Upper abdominal pain
  • Abdominal pain that radiates to your back
  • Tenderness when touching the abdomen
  • Fever
  • Rapid pulse
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Pancreatitis occurs when digestive enzymes become activated while still in the pancreas, irritating the cells of your pancreas and causing inflammation.

With repeated bouts of acute pancreatitis, damage to the pancreas can occur and lead to chronic pancreatitis. Scar tissue may form in the pancreas, causing loss of function. A poorly functioning pancreas can cause digestion problems and diabetes.

Conditions that can lead to acute pancreatitis include:

  • Gallstones
  • Alcoholism
  • Certain medications
  • High triglyceride levels in the blood (hypertriglyceridemia)
  • High calcium levels in the blood (hypercalcemia), which may be caused by an overactive parathyroid gland (hyperparathyroidism)

Make an appointment with your doctor if you have acute onset or persistent abdominal pain. Seek immediate medical help if your abdominal pain is so severe that you can’t sit still or find a position that makes you more comfortable.