Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an umbrella term used to describe disorders that involve chronic inflammation of your digestive tract.
Types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD ) include:
• Ulcerative colitis: This condition involves inflammation and sores (ulcers) along the superficial lining of your large intestine (colon) and rectum.
• Crohn’s disease: This type of inflammatory bowel disease IBD is characterized by inflammation of the lining of your digestive tract, which often can involve the deeper layers of the digestive tract.
Multiple diagnostic test are cone for diagnosing & support treatment regimen which include Endoscopy & wide-ranging endoscopic procedures, Radiology tests like USG, BMFT, Multiphase CT, TPMT estimation, Fecal Calprotectin assay, Toxin assay, Specialized histopathology and IHC unit.
We at Surabhi hospital works closely with the advanced endoscopy team, surgeons, interventional radiologists & nutritionists to provide a composite care for wellbeing of our patients. Also we have Advanced laparoscopic procedures & Advanced seton and stoma care unit.
Ulcerative colitis symptoms can vary, depending on the severity of inflammation and where it occurs. Signs and symptoms may include:
- Diarrhea, often with blood or pus
- Abdominal pain and cramping
- Rectal pain
- Rectal bleeding — passing small amount of blood with stool
- Urgency to defecate
- Inability to defecate despite urgency
- Weight loss
- In children, failure to grow
The exact cause of ulcerative colitis remains unknown. Previously, diet and stress were suspected, but now doctors know that these factors may aggravate but don’t cause ulcerative colitis.
One possible cause is an immune system malfunction. When your immune system tries to fight off an invading virus or bacterium, an abnormal immune response causes the immune system to attack the cells in the digestive tract, too.
Heredity also seems to play a role in that ulcerative colitis is more common in people who have family members with the disease. However, most people with ulcerative colitis don’t have this family history.
See your doctor if you experience a persistent change in your bowel habits or if you have signs and symptoms such as:
- Abdominal pain
- Blood in your stool
- Ongoing diarrhea that doesn’t respond to over-the-counter medications
- Diarrhea that awakens you from sleep
- An unexplained fever lasting more than a day or two
Although ulcerative colitis usually isn’t fatal, it’s a serious disease that, in some cases, may cause life-threatening complications.