There are different type of endoscopy done in our institute which include Diagnostic and therapeutic Gastroscopy , Diagnostic and therapeutic Colonoscopy & ERCP.
Endoscopy is done if you have symptoms like Reflux, heartburn, difficulty in swallowing, vomiting, coffee coloured vomitus or fresh blood in vomiting, in liver disease patients, to diagnose cancer of oesophagus and stomach, oesophagal, stomach and duodenal polyp (tumour).
An endoscopy is a procedure in which specialized instruments i.e. endoscope is used to view the internal organs. UGI endoscopy is done with gastroscope which is passed through the oral cavity and examination of the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum are done. Endoscopy can be done with or without the use of anaesthesia. Endoscopy is performed for diagnosis as well as for treatment.
Procedures are done with an endoscope
• Treatment of bleeding ulcer
• Banding for oesophagal varices in liver disease
• Removal of oesophagal and stomach polyp, small cancer
• Removal of foreign body’s (coin, pins, button battery, needle, blade)
• Treatment of reflux disease
• Dilatation of oesophagal narrowing, stomach narrowing
• Per Oral Endoscopic Myotomy (POEM) treatment for achalasia
• Treatment for obesity
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a procedure that combines upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy and x-rays to treat problems of the bile and pancreatic ducts.
ERCP is used to treat problems of the bile and pancreatic ducts.ERCP is performed when bile or pancreatic ducts have become narrowed or blocked because of multiple conditions like Gallstones that form in the gallbladder and become stuck in common bile duct,Infection,Chronic pancreatitis,Trauma or surgical complications in bile or pancreatic ducts,Tumours or cancers of the bile ducts & pancreas.
Preparations for ERCP
You will need to stop drinking and eating eight hours before ERCP
Colonoscopy is a test which allows the doctor to look directly at the lining of the large intestine (the colon). Diagnostic colonoscopy is recommended for change in bowel habits, occult or frank blood in the stool, unexplained anemia and as a screening test for colon cancer.
Colonoscopy can help doctors diagnose the reasons for Changes in bowel habits, Pain in Abdomen, Bleeding per rectum or evaluation of unexplained bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract, Unexplained weight loss
Unexplained anemia, Diarrhea of unknown cause & Diagnosis and surveillance of colonic cancer.
Colonoscopy can also be used for treatment of polyps (polypectomy), Dilate narrowed segments (stricture dilation) of the large intestine and place metallic stents across them (colonic stenting),Banding for hemorrhoids (piles banding),Control of bleeding from ulcers, vascular malformation, growth or a tumor, Rectal foreign body removal, Palliative treatment for obstructing tumor ( metal stenting) or bleeding tumor ( laser, electro coagulation, heater probe, injection),Decompression of mega colon or volvulus
Preparations for Colonoscopy
You will need to stop drinking and eating eight hours before Colonoscopy. You will be some colon preparation solution 8 hrs before the procedure after which you may have 5-8 stools , so that your bowel is clean and ready for colonoscopy. You will need to stop taking certain medication like anti-diabetic medication (insulin, tablets), blood-thinning medications on the day of your Colonoscopy. Blood thinners may increase your risk of bleeding if certain procedures are performed during the Colonoscopy. For high blood pressure, follow your doctor’s advice.
Complications of Colonoscopy
There are no major complications of Colonoscopy. Post-procedure some patients may feel mild abdominal discomfort or bloated.
Preparations for Gastroscopy
You will need to stop drinking and eating eight hours before your endoscopy. You will need to stop taking certain medication like anti-diabetic medication (insulin, tablets), blood-thinning medications on the day of your endoscopy. Blood thinners may increase your risk of bleeding if certain procedures are performed during the endoscopy. For high blood pressure, follow your doctor’s advice.
Complications of Gastroscopy
There are no major complications of endoscopy. Post-procedure some patients may feel mild throat discomfort, chest pain.